New Baker Institute papers tackle immigration reform issues
HOUSTON – (April 9, 2013) – United States immigration experts are gathering today at Rice University’s Baker Institute for Public Policy for a conference on “Immigration Reform: A System for the 21st Century.” Panels will address discuss solutions to crucial questions surrounding immigration reform, including “Immigration and the Face of America,” “Security, the Economy and Immigration,” “Dealing with Immigration at the Local Level” and “Moving Forward on Immigration.”
Presenters include Mark Jones, professor and chair of political science and a fellow at the Baker Institute; Tony Payan, scholar in immigration studies at the Baker Institute; and Erika de la Garza, program director of the Latin America Initiative at the Baker Institute.
Jones’ paper, “Immigration Policy and Partisan Politics in the State Legislatures: 2010-2012,” surveys state legislatures that passed restrictive legislation designed to address the presence of undocumented immigrants within their borders. The paper was co-authored by Baker Institute research assistant Benjamin Chou. The authors utilized roll-call vote data to examine the partisan, ethnic/racial and regional dynamics surrounding debates over restrictive omnibus immigration legislation.
Jones and Chou highlight the extremely partisan nature of the votes on such legislation, with virtually all Republicans supporting the omnibus bills and an overwhelming majority of Democrats opposing them. “While there is little intraparty variance in Republican support, among Democrats, rural Anglo legislators were significantly more likely than their colleagues to break with the party majority and side with the GOP legislators in support of restrictive immigration reform legislation,” the authors wrote.
Payan’s paper, “The Immigration Debate in Texas: The Counterintuitive Case for Moderation,” studies the state of Texas’ response to undocumented immigration in comparison with other local governments nationwide and in face of federal inaction. Considering a number of variables, including demographics, political leadership, economic forces and historical variables, Payan found that like other state governments, “Texas produced its own response to undocumented migration, and many counties and cities in the state joined in the heated debates of the previous decade with their own ordinances. The final landscape was quite uneven, with some initiatives being quite generous while others were quite harsh. Even so, Texas’ response could be considered moderate when compared with other states.”
Payan explored Texas state and local initiatives to explain why the overall environment in the state remained moderate while other states responded so harshly to the presence of undocumented workers.
De la Garza’s presentation on a forthcoming paper, “U.S. Newspapers and the Immigration Debate,” provides a snapshot of immigration coverage by 10 leading U.S. newspapers during the election year of 2012 to explore the media’s behavior and influence. It was co-authored by Patricia Gras, president of Gras Productions, and Baker Institute research associate Arianna Hatchett. The authors found similar tendencies described in a 2009 Brookings Institute study on the topic, including episodic coverage of immigration issues and an emphasis on immigrants and governments as the main actors. In contrast, their findings showed a shift in framing away from illegal acts by immigrants or government efforts to contain them to a framing and focus on human elements.
To view all papers (full text) and presentations to be given today as well as event and speaker information, visit www.bakerinstitute.org/events/immigration-reform-a-system-for-the-21st-century. For more information about the Latin American Initiative, see www.bakerinstitute.org/programs/latin-america-initiative. A live webcast will be available at http://bakerinstitute.org/webcasts.
The Baker Institute has a radio and television studio available for media who want to schedule an interview with one of the authors. For more information, contact Jeff Falk, associate director of national media relations at Rice, at email@example.com or 713-348-6775.
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De la Garza bio: http://bakerinstitute.org/personnel/fellows-scholars/ede/.
Founded in 1993, the James A. Baker III Institute for Public Policy at Rice University in Houston ranks among the top 20 university-affiliated think tanks globally and top 30 think tanks in the United States. As a premier nonpartisan think tank, the institute conducts research on domestic and foreign policy issues with the goal of bridging the gap between the theory and practice of public policy. The institute’s strong track record of achievement reflects the work of its endowed fellows and Rice University scholars. Learn more about the institute at www.bakerinstitute.org or on the institute’s blog, http://blogs.chron.com/bakerblog.