Conservative Texas Republicans most likely to use electronic technology in voter outreach, according to new Rice study

David Ruth

Amy Hodges

HOUSTON – (May 15, 2012) – Conservative Texas Republicans are most likely to use electronic technology in voter outreach, according to a new study from researchers at Rice and the Universidad de Monterrey.

The study, “The Use of Electronic Technology and Legislative Representation in the Mexican and U.S. States: Nuevo León and Texas,” examines how the advent of new electronic media has provided legislative representatives with a plethora of potential tools with which to strengthen their connection with their constituents. The research also examines the forms of electronic technology — websites, email and social networks such as Facebook and Twitter — used by members of the Texas House of Representatives and the Nuevo León Legislature.

The researchers evaluated the extent and nature of the use of these technologies across the two legislative bodies as well as within each legislature. They found few differences in social media use between Democrats and Republicans; however, the study did reveal that within the GOP, the more conservative wing of the party uses social networks more frequently than the more moderate party establishment.

“Electronic technology, ranging from websites to social networks, plays an increasingly important role in politics today, particularly in election campaigns,” said Mark Jones, Rice’s Joseph D. Jamail Chair in Latin American Studies, professor and chair of political science and fellow in political science at Rice’s Baker Institute for Public Policy. “And for nonestablishment candidates with limited financial resources, it’s a great way to expand and mobilize their base of support inexpensively. We’ve seen this pattern on the national level with candidates like Michele Bachmann and Ron Paul, and our research shows that similar things are happening here in Texas.”

While the study found that more conservative Republicans are more likely to be active on social networks than their moderate brethren, no differences were found in usage between liberal and conservative Democrats. The study also found that younger representatives are more likely to use social networks such as Twitter and Facebook to reach out to their constituents and supporters than are older representatives.

“Electronic technology offers representatives a plethora of tools with which to inform and interact with their constituents and improve the degree and quality of legislative representation,” Jones said.

The paper was written for the Puentes Consortium sponsored conference held at Rice last month.


This news release can be found online at

For more information or to schedule an interview with Jones, contact Amy Hodges, senior media relations specialist at Rice, at 713-348-6777 or

Related materials:

The Use of Electronic Technology and Legislative Representation in the Mexican and U.S. States: Nuevo León and Texas:ón-and

Mark Jones bio:

Located on a 300-acre forested campus in Houston, Rice University is consistently ranked among the nation’s top 20 universities by U.S. News & World Report. Rice has highly respected schools of Architecture, Business, Continuing Studies, Engineering, Humanities, Music, Natural Sciences and Social Sciences and is known for its “unconventional wisdom.” With 3,708 undergraduates and 2,374 graduate students, Rice’s undergraduate student-to-faculty ratio is 6-to-1. Its residential college system builds close-knit communities and lifelong friendships, just one reason why Rice has been ranked No. 1 for best quality of life multiple times by the Princeton Review and No. 4 for “best value” among private universities by Kiplinger’s Personal Finance. To read “What they’re saying about Rice,” go to

About Amy McCaig

Amy is a senior media relations specialist in Rice University's Office of Public Affairs.